German prison in Scheveningen (The Hague) during WWII
“Oranjehotel” was the popular name for a part of the prison in Scheveningen (The Hague), in use by the Germans during the Second World War. The Oranjehotel consisted of seven rows of cells in the barrack along the Van Alkemadelaan. Throughout the war, about 26.000 resistance fighters and other Dutch people who resisted the German occupation in any way were imprisoned here, while their case was treated by the Nazi courts of justice. After the German judges would come to a conviction, the prisoners were either liberated or sent to German concentration camps or executed at the nearby Waalsdorpervlakte. The 250 prisoners that were executed spent their last days in the death cells in the middle row of cells, the D-row. Early in the morning they would leave the prison through a small gate (het Poortje) to be brought to the Waalsdorpervlakte for execution.
Remembrance center Oranjehotel will open September 2019
Since the war, the complex is still used as a prison. Therefore it has never been open to the public. Until now. In September 2019 we will open the National Monument Oranjehotel. In the Remembrance centre we will tell the stories about the people who were imprisoned here, the prison life and prison system. But also about the occupation, the choices, the resistance, the disruption within families and the post-war relationship with the past. In the heart of the Remembrance Centre is the authentic Death Cell 601. Immediately after the war this cell was kept intact as a silent witness.